Prostate Cancer: Symptoms And Risk Factors

By: Mansi

Published On: August 02, 2022

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancer types found in males all over the world. Essentially, the prostate is responsible for producing the fluid that nourishes and transports the sperm. It is located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum.

In initial stages, prostate cancer often shows little to no symptoms. However, once it starts growing, it starts to become an issue for regular functioning of the body like urination. And subsequently the prostate cancer symptoms start showing up.


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Due to the placement of the prostate, a lot of prostate cancer’s symptoms have to do with urinary issues and problems. A tumor may also occur and grow inside the prostate obstructing the flow of urine and giving rise to more serious complications. However, usually prostate cancer patients do not necessarily have the same symptoms, but here are some of the more common prostate cancer symptoms. 

Enlarged Prostate Symptoms

Enlarged prostate symptoms can usually be seen when the prostate significantly increases in size making it difficult for the urethra to release the urine due to lack of space. Some of the enlarged prostate symptoms are as follows:

  • Trouble in urination: It is usually one of the first swollen prostate symptoms to occur in men above the age of 50 that signal towards a possible screening of prostate cancer.

  • Frequent urination: This prostate cancer symptom is generally accompanied along with the problem of having trouble in emptying the bladder

  • Burning urine flow: This prostate cancer symptom is quite painful and troublesome for the patient to bear.

  • Bouts of pain while urinating: Due to the location of the prostate gland, this prostate cancer symptom involves a quite discomforting experience while urinating.

  • Weak urine flow: This enlarged prostate symptom is generally a result of lack of space in the urethra.

  • Interrupted urine flow

  • Discomfort and pain: This is caused by enlarged prostate

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Other prostate cancer symptoms include:

  • Blood in the urine

  • Blood in the semen

  • Sudden weight loss

  • Loss of appetite

  • Erectile dysfunction

(Note: This list of prostate cancer signs is not exhaustive in any sense since each patient is capable of showing a different and varying prostate cancer sign)

Risk Factors Of Prostate Cancer

After having discussed prostate cancer symptoms, now let us discuss the risk factors for prostate cancer diagnosis and how one can avoid it, if possible.

Unhealthy Eating Habits: No study so far has successfully been able to prove that diet and nutrition can prevent or cause prostate cancer. However, it has been observed that there might be a certain link between eating high dietary fat like red meat, dairy products, etc and developing prostate cancer. Eating high dietary fat leads to less consumption of fruit and vegetables, which can prove to be quite harmful for the body. Which is why it is always suggested to include leafy vegetables and fruits in one’s diet to ward off illnesses.

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Obesity: Obesity puts one at risk of developing a more advanced level of prostate cancer as compared to lower grade-type of prostate cancer. In other words it can lead to developing more aggressive forms of prostate cancer in a person which can ultimately prove very difficult to treat.

Genetic History: It has been observed that men who have a family history of prostate cancer are at a greater risk of developing the disease as compared to people with relatives with no history of prostate cancer. The chances are even higher if a person has multiple relatives affected with prostate cancer. Which is why it is always suggested for people to start getting screened for prostate cancer at age of 40 if they have had a genetic history with prostate cancer since it is said that out of all cancers, prostate cancer is the most heritable.

Age: With age, the risk of having prostate cancer increases. Men older than 65 have more chances of being diagnosed with prostate cancer than men with much younger age. The said age group is usually suggested to go for regular screening of the prostate to minimize the risk. About 60% of all prostate cancers are usually diagnosed in men above the age of 65, according to the American Cancer Society.

How Can You Deal With Healthcare Expenses:

Healthcare expenses for treating prostate cancer can be quite intimidating at times. Which is why, various crowdfunding platforms like ImpactGuru are now coming up with quick and easy options such as starting a free fundraiser in the hope that healthcare can be made affordable to people in dire need of it. You can always consider crowdfunding to fund your medical treatment. Click here to know more. 

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Also read: Severity Level Of The Five Types Of Prostate Cancer