World Polio Day 2018: How India Eradicated Polio

By: Aakanksha Parulekar

Published On: October 24, 2018

World Polio Day is celebrated globally today, to generate awareness towards the eradication of polio as well as to commemorate the efforts of thousands of employees of WHO and other volunteers committed to the initiative. Read on!

History of Polio in India

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Polio has caused paralysis and death for most of human history. The oldest and clearly identifiable reference to polio is an Egyptian Stele, depicting a man with a withered leg, leaning on a staff, which is more than 3,000 years old.

Before the launch of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, polio crippled an estimated 2,00,000 children in India each year. As recent as 2009,India reported almost half the world’s cases- 741 out of a total 1604 cases worldwide.

Many health experts predicted that India would be the last country to eradicate polio. Yet in 2012, India achieved a major milestone,by passing one entire year without recording any polio cases. India is no longer considered as a polio-endemic country.

Eradication of Polio in India: How we did it

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In 1978, the Government of India began a vaccination program to eradicate poliomyelitis (polio), in the country, by vaccinating all children under the age of five years against the virus. By 1984, it was successful in covering around 40% of all infants.

With a goal of achieving 100% eradication of polio amongst children in the country, the Government of India launched the now renowned “Pulse Polio Program” in 1995, for which they roped in Amitabh Bachchan and other celebrities to popularize the program.

On March 27, 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared India a polio-free country, a stupendous success story for us.

Polio Vaccination: What parents should know

Who should get vaccinated?

Children 

  • 2 months old

  • 4 months old

  • 6 -18 months old

4 -16 years old

Children who travel to countries where there is a higher risk of polio should complete the series of vaccinations before leaving for their trip. If a child is unable to complete the routine series, an accelerated schedule is recommended:

  • First dose at 6 weeks or older

  • The second dose at 4 weeks after the first dose

  • The third dose at 4 weeks after the second dose

  • The fourth dose at 6 months after the third dosenewborns-polio-dose

Adults

Most adults do not need polio vaccine because they are likely to have been already vaccinated as children. But three groups of adults are at a higher risk and should consider polio vaccination in the following situations:

  • You are traveling to a country where the risk of polio is greater

  • You are working in an environment where you are exposed to polio viruses 

  • You are a healthcare worker treating patients who have polio

What new parents must know to keep their children polio-free

- The age at which polio drops are given

- The latest age when children can still get polio shots

- The effects of polio on our body

- Different types of polio vaccines

- The importance of polio vaccination

- Duration of polio shots

- Why must parents get their newborns vaccinated

Consult your healthcare provider for detailed answers to your queries.

How crowdfunding helps to fund for illnesses

We know that your health is your most prized possession but what happens when preserving it costs you a fortune? Many have discovered that medical crowdfunding is often the quickest and the easiest way to ease a financial burden- be it yours or someone else’s. 

Crowdfunding not only lets you raise money quickly, it also stands as an emotional pillar for the person you are raising funds for. Medical crowdfunding provides people with a platform to share a personal story with friends, family and community. 

When people are faced with a sudden medical hardship, a free online fundraiser on Impact Guru can be an essential asset in a time of difficulty. You can start a medical fundraiser here.

We have worked with many NGOs and helped them conduct medical campaigns. Here are some of our success storiesvillage-volunteers-india

 

  • We helped ‘village volunteers’ empower women in the red light district by raising funds and helping them manufacture sanitary pads by making them aware about how important hygiene is.

  • We helped ‘New Vision’ raise funds for visually impaired females by focusing on Women’s Right To Sight where we helped restore 625 sights.

We suggest you also read:

These Organisations Are Doing Some Outstanding Work To Protect Your Fundamental Rights

5 NGO Crowdfunding Campaigns And What We Learned From Them