Stay Informed - Everything You Need To Know About Black Fungus
By: Milton, Chiara
Published On: June 21, 2021
If the first wave wasn’t enough, the second wave of Covid-19 impacted even more lives across India and the world. It’s only until very recently that India has seen a decline in cases during the second wave. On Tuesday, June 15, India registered 60,471 fresh Covid-19 infections which was the lowest in about 77 days.-(Source: India Today)
As the dust settles around the second wave of Covid-19 in India, we have to brace ourselves for another fight- the Black Fungus. Doctors reported seeing cases of Mucormycosis in patients that had already recovered from the B.1.617 or Delta variant of Covid-19.-(Source: The Telegraph)
What is Black Fungus?
Mucormycosis or Black Fungus is a fungal infection caused by a group of molds which are called mucormycetes. It is a rare but fatal infection if not treated as soon as possible.
The disease has a mortality rate between 40-50%.- (Source: Economic Times.)
Symptoms of Mucormycosis:
- Pain and redness around eyes and nose
- Runny nose
- Blurred or double vision
- Facial swelling
- Abdominal pain
How does the infection spread?
Mucormycosis is not a contagious disease, individuals get infected through the presence of fungal spores in our environment. The spores can infect your lungs, sinus and can eventually spread to your brain, heart and other organs. Mucormycosis can also develop on the skin, the fungal spores can enter through a cut, scrape, burn or other skin injuries.
How is it connected with Covid-19?
Black fungus usually affects people with weakened immune systems. People with diabetes are also vulnerable to this infection. The rise in cases can also be attributed to the use of cheap steroids on Covid patients. These steroids can lower immune response which can make patients vulnerable to Mucormycosis, according to experts. Oxygen cylinders, humidifiers, concentrators used by Covid patients can have fungi growing in them which could cause Mucormycosis.
Excessive use of steroids has led to a surge in Black fungus cases: Experts
Why Mucormycosis needs to be treated at the earliest?
Mucormycosis is a deadly disease, it has to be treated at the earliest to avoid blindness, organ failure, face paralysis and even death. The key types of mucormycosis are:
1.Rhinocerebral (sinus and brain) mucormycosis
It is an infection of the nose, eyes and brain. It usually affects individuals with uncontrolled diabetes or those who had a kidney transplant. Typical symptoms include fever, pain, bulging of the eyes.
2. Pulmonary (lung) mucormycosis
Usually affects people who have had cancer, organ transplant and stem cell transplant. The fungus enters the patient's lungs where it can infect a major blood vessel, causing the individual to cough up blood or cause internal bleeding in the lungs.
3. Cutaneous (skin) mucormycosis
It is the third most common infection after rhinocerebral and pulmonary. The fungus enters the body through open wounds, burns, cuts, stings, etc.
This infection affects immunocompetent patients too.
What are the struggles of being affected by Black Fungus?
Mucormycosis needs to be treated with antifungal medicine or injections. The antifungal drug, Amphotericin B, has to be administered daily for at least 4-12 weeks. A single vial can cost anywhere between Rs 5,000 and Rs 8,000, the daily cost of treating a mucormycosis patient can be in the range of Rs 60,000 to Rs 80,000.-(Source: Times of India)
Many patients are reportedly spending Rs 10-12 lakh at private hospitals in the absence of government facilities. Besides spending over Rs 3 lakh on the antifungal drug, patients say that they have to further spend Rs 5-7 lakh on other medicines and hospital charges for two weeks.-(Source: Hindustan Times)
It is a cost which not everyone is prepared to pay and hence treatments get delayed which makes the infection more deadly.
How can crowdfunding help you with your Mucormycosis treatment?
If you need financial assistance for treatment of mucormycosis, crowdfunding is a great option. Crowdfunding involves a no payback policy. At Impact Guru, Covid-19 and Mucormycosis patients have successfully started fundraisers for their treatment online.
You get quick fundraiser approvals, fast withdrawals, International payment support, and much more. You can start a fundraiser in just 5 minutes, here.
India went through a lot of obstacles during the second wave, here’s an article about the