4 Types of Kidney Cancer And How To Fundraise for Treatments

By: Sukhada, Pradeep

Published On: May 10, 2022

Did you know that there are more than 100 types of cancer? Kidney cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in the world and is further categorized into a few subtypes. Now, what are the types of kidney cancer and symptoms associated with them? Let’s find out. But before that, let us understand what kidney cancer is.


Photo credits: www.istockphoto.com


Kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs located below the rib cage with one at each side of the spine. The function of the kidneys is to filter blood and remove wastes from the body. Kidney cancer occurs when the cells in the kidney grow out of control. The early symptoms of any type of kidney cancer are unrecognizable but as soon as the kidney cancer grows, the following symptoms are visible:

  • Lump on the side or lower back: A lump in the kidney or on the lower side of the back is not necessarily cancer. It can also be a benign tumour. But the fact that it can be a type of kidney cancer symptom cannot be ignored.

  • Hematuria: It is a condition where a person’s urine contains blood. There are two subtypes of hematuria:

(i) Gross hematuria: In this type of hematuria, the blood is visible in a person’s urine.

(ii) Microscopic hematuria: In this type, the blood is not visible in urine but can be viewed under a microscope.

  • Anaemia: Our kidneys secrete a hormone called erythropoietin that increases the rate of production of red blood cells in response to falling levels of oxygen in tissues. When the kidneys are damaged, they produce less erythropoietin which results in anaemia. 

  • Back pain: The pain due to kidney cancer is generally felt in the lower back, on the side and between the ribs and hips. The pain persists for a long time and is not the result of an injury. The back pain is usually felt when the tumour is at least 3 centimetres, says a study by the National Library of Medicine.

  • Loss of appetite: This is a common kidney cancer symptom. People with kidney cancer usually eat less than usual or not at all. This condition is called anorexia.

  • Fever: Episodes of fever are common occurrences in the case of kidney cancer. The fever may come and go at any time and occurs without any signs of infection. The fever does not have any relevant origin.

  • Weight loss: Unexpected or unintentional weight loss occurs in the case of kidney cancer. Significant weight is lost within a short span of time without any change in diet or lifestyle. 


Recommended Read: Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Cancer


Photo credits: www.istockphoto.com


Renal cell carcinoma: This is the most common type of kidney cancer found in adults, constituting about 85% of diagnoses as per a report by the National Library of Medicine. In this type of kidney tumour, malignant cells form in tubules of the kidney. Signs and symptoms of renal cell carcinoma include blood in the urine, lump in the abdomen, persistent pain in the side, loss of appetite, weight loss for no known reason and anaemia. 


Transitional cell carcinoma: This type of cancer begins in the area of the kidney where urine collects before moving to the bladder. That area is called the renal pelvis. In transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter, malignant cells form in the renal pelvis and ureter first and then spread to the kidney. The signs and symptoms include back pain and blood in the urine. The abdomen and kidneys are examined to diagnose this type of kidney cancer. 


Renal Sarcoma: This is the rarest type of kidney cancer and forms inside the kidney’s soft tissue, the connective tissue that surrounds the kidneys or the fat around the kidneys. They constitute 0.8–2.7% of all kidney cancers. This type of tumour requires surgery. It commonly comes back in the kidney or spreads to other body parts. In this case, more surgery or chemotherapy may be recommended. 


Wilms’ tumour: This type of kidney tumour usually occurs in children less than 5 years of age. Wilms’ tumour is more likely to occur in girls than boys. The treatment involves nephrectomy i.e. surgical removal of the infected part or all of the kidney. But sometimes chemotherapy is suggested first and then nephrectomy. In some cases, the opposite kidney may be explored to ensure that cancer has not spread. Lymph nodes around the aorta need to be sampled for staging and to improve survival.


The Story of 14-Year Old Fazil:


At just 9 years of age, Fazil’s body stopped growing. The reason behind this was his chronic kidney disease. At the age of 12, his kidneys failed completely and Fazil had to go in for dialysis. The poor child even spent his 14th birthday getting dialysis treatment. In 2021, when Fazil was 15, he received 75% of the funds for his kidney transplant through generous donations from ImpactGuru donors. Fazil’s life is back to normal and he can now enjoy his favourite activity - swimming.



Read the complete story here.

How To Raise Funds For Your Cancer Treatment?


Today, one of the best ways of fundraising is online crowdfunding. Any individual can start an online fundraiser and collect funds from various people on the internet through crowdfunding websites like ImpactGuru. One can also donate to a cause and help change the lives of other individuals through donations. 




Benefits of Crowdfunding on ImpactGuru:


  1. Quick fundraiser creation and fast approval

  2. Hands-on assistance

  3. Donations from across the world

  4. India’s only fundraising mobile app for Android and iOS

  5. Blazing-fast withdrawal

To start your medical fundraiser, click here.